Nepal lies between China and India in South Asia. The country ended its long-standing constitutional monarchy in June 2008 when King Gyanendra, who’d come to power in 2001 after the tragic murder of the previous king, abdicated the throne. It also helps tourist, research scholars, politicians, student, mountaineers, trekkers to get the correct information on Nepal. Have a detailed look of this site and know about exciting world of Rivers Mountains, and the roof of the world – Mount Everest.
In the northern region of high Himalayas, the Tibetan speaking, the Sherpas, the Dolpas, the Lopas, the Baragaonlis, the Manangis live in different settlements scattered along the country. The Sherpas are mainly confined in the east in the Solu and Khumbu region. The Baragaonlis and the Lopas live in the semi- deserted area of the upper and lower Mustang in the part of the Tibetan plateau in the rain shadow area; the Managis in the Manang district and the adjacent areas; and the Dolpas in the highest settlements on the earth in the Dolpo district of Nepal ( in the west) at an altitude of above 4000 m.
Nepal–occupying only 0.1 percent of the total landmass of the earth – is home to:
v 2% of all the flowering plants in the world;
v 8% of the world’s population of birds (more than 848 species);
v 4% of mammals on earth;
v 11 of the world’s 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species);
v 600 indigenous plant families;
v 319 species of exotic orchids.
In the middle hills and valleys, there coexists numerous ethnic groups. Among them are the Magars, Gurungs, Tamangs, Sunuwars, Newars, Thakalis, Chepangs and majority of Brahmans and Chhetris. The Brahmans and Chhetris have long dominance in all pervading social, religious and political realms. There are also some occupational castes e.g. the Damai ( tailor), Sarki ( Cobbler), Kami (Blacksmith) and Sunar (Goldsmiths). Though, there exists numerous dialects, the language of unification is the national language, Nepali, an Indo- Aryan language.